Actual number: 4/2020

ISSN 1339-5017 (Online)

Archive:


No. 1

CLEAVAGES IN INTERWAR CZECHOSLOVAK REPUBLIC

Author: Peter CSANYI

Abstract: This paper deals with the theory of cleavages and its application on the interwar Czechoslovak Republic, especially from the perspectives of Slovak interwar political parties. Therefore it points out the needed theories, which are important in definition of cleavages in the given country. The paper focuses on all relevant cleavages, which are characteristic for the interwar Czechoslovak Republic, and tries to present a more transparent picture of the situation in the country in terms of the party system and political parties.

Keywords: cleavages, Czechoslovak Republic, Stein Rokkan, political parties

Vol. 9, 2015, No. 1, p. 2-6

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UTOPIANISM, REALITY AND DEFICIT OF THE EU´S FOREIGN, SECURITY AND DEFENSE POLITICS

Author: Pavol HRIVIK

Abstract: The paper presents some key issues and obstacles associated with forming and applying the EU´s foreign, security and defense politics. The main emphasis is laid on the problems and shortcomings referring to functioning the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP). The particular attention is paid to the post-Lisbon forming of the CSDP, traditional hesitance of the EU in defense and military acting, and to some barriers occurring in applying the CSDP.

Keywords: European Union, Lisbon Treaty, CFSP, CSDP, European identity, national mentalities, strategic culture

Vol. 9, 2015, No. 1, p. 7-12

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THE TASKS OF CRISIS HEADQUARTERS AT LOCAL LEVEL IN THE TIME OF EVACUATION

Author: Karol JANAS, Marian BUŠŠA

Abstract: Crisis management at local level is an important element of crisis situations solving. Its task is to provide management in crisis situations outside the time of war and state of war. It creates conditions for effective precautions to protect life, health and property, analyses possible risk of creation of crisis situation and proposes measures to solve it. At local level, which in the Slovak Republic is represented mainly by cities and municipalities, the crisis management is performed by the crisis headquarters, an executive body of crisis management. These are the situations, during which the safety of the state, the city, citizens and their property is immediately threatened. To solve crisis situation an extraordinary situation, state of emergency or state of calamity can be declared. Crisis management outside the time of war is a sum of work of crisis management bodies, that are concentrating on analysing and evaluation of safety risks and menaces, planning and executing measures during crisis situation solving. The basic document of crisis headquarters is the Statute of crisis headquarters. It has a character of internal document and is usually developed on city or municipality level. The development is usually delegated on the responsible department or an expert employee. Its text is binding and in case of crisis management, all involved parties must be guided by it.

Keywords: crisis management, evacuation, evacuation committee

Vol. 9, 2015, No. 1, p. 13-17

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PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION IN JAPAN IN 2014

Author: Rudolf KUCHARČÍK, Miroslav ŘÁDEK

Abstract: Snap election in Japan took place on December 14, 2014 after Prime Minister Shinzo Abe decided to dissolve lower house of the parliament (Diet) – House of Representatives. The topics were clear – economy, recession, middle class position, nuclear power, relations to geographically close countries – including China and South Korea and relations to the United States. Debate about the modification of current constitutions also began. Shinzo Abe´s party – Liberal Democratic Party was favourite of election and confirmed its position with huge victory. Main opposition party – Democratic Party was not able to propose alternative attractive for majority of voters of the country.

Keywords: Japan, election, 2014, Shinzo Abe

Vol. 9, 2015, No. 1, p. 18-22

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SOME POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF MASS MEDIA COMMUNICATION FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL SECTOR

Author: Marcel LINCÉNYI, Getnet TAMENE

Abstract: The mass public media play a significant role in providing recipients with the social reality in the current society. Mass media report important information, to the people, from various areas covering politics, economics, health, education, culture, sports, and foreign events. The media is also an intermediary in forming an important public opinion. This critical ability of the media is often manipulated and is misused in favour of exercising the interests of the media owners. Editorial offices do not have the ability to deform the minds of the masses one hundred percent, but they can mediate selected information, to the receivers, which has the effect of slightly modifying their opinion. This contribution offers descriptive and interpretative analysis of some aspects of mass media communication, in a nutshell, with regard to current health and social policy of the Slovak republic.

Keywords: mass media, communication, aspects, Slovakia, manipulation, e-health

Vol. 9, 2015, No. 1, p. 23-26

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GEOSTRATEGIC AXES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY

Author: Štefan VOLNER

Abstract: Contemporary global geopolitical structure. Main geopolitical axes at the beginning of the 21st century. Theoretical approaches: historical approach, approach based on the balance of power of geopolitical players, approach based on the flow of strategic resources, energy resources, trade, finance and investments, politico-military interests and activities, geopolitical epicenters, clashes of civilizations, global social chaos, clash between sea power and land power, global communication within global geopolitical space and global geopolitical blocs.

Keywords: geopolitics, geopolitical activity, geopolitical epicenters, geopolitical axes, geopolitical player

Vol. 9, 2015, No. 1, p. 27-32

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