Actual number: 4/2020

ISSN 1339-5017 (Online)

Archive:


No. 2

QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH SCLEROSIS MULTIPLEX

Author: Dagmar MASTILIAKOVÁ, Ján BIELIK, Ivana HOLBOVÁ, Iveta MATIŠÁKOVÁ, Katarína GERLICHOVÁ

Abstract: Quality of life of patients with sclerosis multiplex (SM) is the central point of this paper. The authors focus on the prevalence, diagnostics, symptom and course of the disease, and on the possibilities of treatment remitters. The paper examines the impact of the disease on the individual domains of quality of life. Presented information was obtained from the patients through the questionnaire SF–36. The results are statistically evaluated and presented in our work. We hypothesized that the quality of life focused on components of physical health and mental health component is higher in patients receiving biologic therapy than of the other ones not treated with biological therapy, which we confirmed by statistical processing. We also found out that a component of overall physical health is increasingly influenced by the SM as a component of the overall mental health observed in both files.

Keywords: sclerosis multiplex, quality of life, physical health, mental health

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 2-7

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BIOACTIVITY AND POTENTIAL HEALTH BENEFITS OF ROSMARINIC ACID

Author: Zdenka KRAJČOVIČOVÁ, Vladimír MELUŠ

Abstract: Substantial attention has been given to primary cancer prevention in daily life. Secondary metabolites of plants in the form of functional foods or nutraceuticals are known as preventive agents for a variety of diseases, including cancer. Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound, which contributes to the beneficial and health-promoting effects of herbs, spices and medicinal plants. There is a growing interest in the elucidation of the biological roles of this compound. Presented minireview summarizes the selected biological activities of RA with attention to its antitumor and chemopreventive activity. RA has been shown to act at various stages of tumor development, including inhibition of tumorigenesis, inhibition of tumor promotion, and induction of tumor cell differentiation. RA effectively inhibits angiogenesis, invasion of tumor cells and metastasis. With regard to toxicity, no obvious side effects of RA have been observed in studies to date. RA could be therefore used as chemopreventive/chemoprotective agent in clinical praxis. However, further studies are needed to explore the full potential of this compound.

Keywords: rosmarinic acid, cancer, chemoprevention, antitumor activity, adjuvant therapy

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 8-14

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APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL THERAPY AND NUTRITION IN THE MANAGEMENT OF OSTEOPOROSIS

Author: Patrícia BAŇÁROVÁ, Zdenka KRAJČOVIČOVÁ, Vladimír MELUŠ, Miroslav ČERNICKÝ

Abstract: Osteoporosis is today one of the most important diseases. It is connected with loss of bone density and hip fractures. The main risk factor that together with hormonal changes accelerates onset of osteoporosis is substantially changed life style, characterized mainly with reduction of physical activity and inappropriate nutrition. Our work is focused on the therapeutic options for this disease with regard to the use of kinesiotherapy as well as to appropriate nutritional composition.

Keywords: osteoporosis, physical therapy, calcium, nutrition, regimen

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 15-20

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THERAPEUTIC MUSIC INTERVENTION TECHNIQUES FOR PATIENTS WITH PARKINSON´S DISEASE

Author: Eva KRÁLOVÁ, Nikoleta POLIAKOVÁ

Abstract: In the paper the employing of music in Parkinson´s therapy is highlighted. There is a need for nursing professionals in this area to better understand the role a music therapist might play and to become acquainted with the therapeutically beneficial way of music.

The purpose of the article is to provide evidence for therapeutic use of music intervention with the patients suffering from Parkinson´s disease. The goal of the theoretical overview is to offer other possibilities of non-invasive medical treatment with music therapy techniques which can improve deficiencies in motor, speech and cognitive skills. The section about non-invasive music treatment techniques describes some specific and commonly used applications of music therapy ideas. Each technique has a description of the therapy, followed by a brief analysis.

Keywords: depression, music, musical stimulation, motor impairment, Parkinson´s disease

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 21-28

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INTENSITY OF NURSING CARE OF GERIATRIC PATIENTS

Author: Iveta MATIŠÁKOVÁ, Adriana ONDRUŠOVÁ

Abstract: Nursing care of geriatric patients is highly individualized, specific and challenging. It doesn’t consist merely of satisfying of the needs. However, it lies especially in communication, patience, getting confident, listening skills, the education of not only the patients themselves but also their relatives, which is considered to be very difficult in this work for many nurses.

Keywords: old age, geriatric patient, immobility, nursing process, quality of life

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 29-33

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COMMON MISTAKES OF STATISTICAL TESTING AND RESULTS INTERPRETATION IN HEALTHCARE STUDIES

Author: Vladimír MELUŠ, Zdenka KRAJČOVIČOVÁ, Patrícia BAŇÁROVÁ, Miroslav ČERNICKÝ, Jana NETRIOVÁ

Abstract: There are available many statistical software applications nowadays. Their application is many times reduced to filling of data and to the mere choice of statistical test from the menu without an adequate knowledge of the requirements of the selected test. Along with misinterpretation of results it may lead to incorrect conclusions.

The aim of our paper is to demonstrate the most common cases of misuse of statistical tests and misinterpretation of their results. On example of data obtained by measuring the range of shoulder movement we show the importance of correct choice of statistical test according to their requirements of the number of statistical units and distribution of values. We emphasize the proper consideration of outliers with regard of biological relevance of their inclusion in the tested file. The differences between statistical and biomedical interpretation of laboratory analyses we demonstrate on example of NT-proBNP.

We can conclude that despite technical progress there remain risks of statistical analyses primarily in approach and interpretation of testing. Therefore the completion of technical infrastructure for the development of science and research should be related with awareness rising on the basic principles of biostatistical applications.

Keywords: biostatistical tests, interpretation of results, technical infrastructure

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 34-39

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POSSIBILITIES OF APPLICATION OF THE OIL EXTRACT FROM MOUNTAIN PINE (PINUS MUGO)

Author: Miroslav ČERNICKÝ, Patrícia BAŇÁROVÁ

Abstract: Paper presents problematic of oil extracts from mountain pine (Pinus Mugo L.) as a supporting tool of classical massage. In this paper we analyse activity of this natural oil, which can influence healing effects positively and thereby it can make technique of classical massage more effective. We evaluate questionnaire, structured by ourselves, which has 11 answers, received from respondents, to the questionnaire´s questions on a given theme.

Keywords: mountain pine oil, massage emulsion, massage

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 40-46

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MOVEMENT AS MEDICAMENT FOR PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS

Author: Iveta PETRÍKOVÁ ROSINOVÁ

Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is a very important component which influences overall metabolism of patients with significant impact on their daily activities. Regular physical exercise, especially repeated contraction of large muscle groups, is of great importance for the patients.

The following movement activities have positive effect on physical and mental health: swimming, walking, jogging, gymnastics, and cycling for at least 40 minutes three times a week, with the load intensity of about 50 -70 % of the maximum power.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, physical activity, healthy life–style

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 47-50

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INSEPARABILITY OF GOOD AND EVIL AS A CHALLENGE IN STEINBECK´S ´EAST OF EDEN´

Author: Eva KRÁLOVÁ

Abstract: In the paper the central issues concerning the fight between the inseparable twosome good and evil in Steinbeck´s ´East of Eden´ have been discussed together with the findings of this research. The main concern is on the analysis of inseparability of good and evil by investigation of ´timshel´ through the main characters with their allusion to the Genesis.

Through the positive and negative characters traits of the main heroes as well as through symbols Steinbeck expresses his opinion that every human being has the potential to defeat evil. He shows it on the generations of Trasks and Hamiltons through their own decisions which form their own histories.

Keywords: conscience, Genesis, power of choice, good and evil, timshel

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 51-57

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BREAST BIOPSY

Author: Jana Slobodníková

Abstract: The aim of the overview study was to describe of interventional methods in diagnosis of the breast diseases – fine needle aspiration cytology and core cut biopsy, vacuum assisted mammotomy under ultrasound and mammography control.

Keywords: breast, carcinoma, biopsy, ultrasound, mammography

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 58-64

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EDUCATION IN NURSING

Author: Eva Červeňanová

Abstract: Education in nursing is the process of acquiring or imparting particular knowledge or skills of patients and healthy people within the authority of nurses resulting from its role. It is also the quality and level of education in relation to the needs and its relevant condition.

The nurse should master a core curriculum of the educational process with its stages if she wants to educate patients so as they could reach planned aims and positive changes in their lives. In the feedback she obtains the information about the patient knowledge, attitudes and skills.

Education in nursing is of a great importance to improve the quality of life of an individual and a group and is an important aspect of nursing practice.

Keywords: education, educational process, assessment, nursing, nurse

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 65-70

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EVALUATION OF LEARNING OUTCOMES FOR CRITICAL THINKING IN A NURSING STUDY PROGRAMME

Author: Dagmar MASTILIAKOVÁ, Andy GIBBS, Roman ADAMCZYK

Abstract: In the three-year (2010-2013) project Innovation of the Nursing Study Programme at the Silesian University in Opava, CZ.1.07/2.2.00/15.0178, in the Education for Competitiveness Operational Programme, one of the major focuses was constructive alignment of learning outcomes with teaching, learning and assessment of outcome achievement in a series of modules. Learning outcomes can be differentiated into two types: A. learning outcomes for separate tasks (nursing interventions), B. developmental learning outcomes (long-term outcomes in the area of communication, nursing process implementation etc.) Developmental learning outcome assessment involves the level of critical thinking skills for each student. The Project team suggested various types of assessment for the given area.

Keywords: learning outcomes, assessment, critical thinking, OPVK Project (Education for Competitiveness Operational Programme), nursing study programme

Vol. 7, 2013, No. 2, p. 71-75

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