Actual number: 4/2020

ISSN 1339-5017 (Online)

Archive:


No. 4

COMPUTER LITERACY OF CITIZENS OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC IN THE CONTEXT OF INDUSTRY 4.0

Author: Simona HYŽOVÁ – Kamila MAYEROVÁ – Jaroslav VYHNIČKA

Abstract: Thanks to digital solutions, more flexible production, higher productivity and the development of new business models are possible today. However, the future of the industry offers even greater potential. Cutting-edge technologies will create new opportunities for both the discrete and manufacturing industries to meet individual customer requirements. Over the last decade, companies in various industries have digitized their operations and processes. Businesses are already using artificial intelligence to streamline workflows and supply chains. As a result, today's job seekers require specialized skills to help them stand out from the crowd. While some colleges, universities and training providers have adapted or expanded their curricula to meet this growing demand for digital know-how, many educators are trying to provide the basic skills that students need. Labor market responsive and lifelong learning remain key to success. In digital production, the demand for digital skills has been growing since 2015. It is important that Slovak education focuses on soft skills, especially social and technological ones, not on content. However, the ability to learn new skills "on the go" is and will remain the most sought-after skill of the people.

Keywords: computer literacy, industry 4.0, Slovak republic

Vol. 14, 2020, No. 4, p. 1-6

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CZECHOSLOVAKIA - APPLICATION OF DEMOCRACY IN 1990

Author: Martina JAKUBČINOVÁ

Abstract: The political change after November 17, 1989, was the beginning of new historical era for Czechoslovakia. A top priority of the new leaders was the re-creation of a democratic political system and the effort to re-create a market economy and to rejoin Europe. Czechoslovakia’s newly re-created democratic political system proved unable to survive the continued conflict between Czechs and Slovaks that dominated public life during the first post-communist era. The milestones in the phasing can be seen in the dates on which fundamental changes in the legislative bodies had taken place, i.e. the dates of the reconstruction of the Federal Assembly, the Czech National Council, the Slovak National Council (end of January and beginning of February 1990) and the date of general election to the legislative bodies on June 8, 1990. This article will reflect several important political facts in Czechoslovakia, the institutional changes that occurred after the end of communist era and milestones emphasis on the development of the Slovakia. The methods used in this article were mainly analysis, synthesis, literature search and study of historical sources, which as a basis of research contributed to achieving the set goal.

Keywords: Constitution, Czechoslovakia, democracy, revolution, Slovak republic, state.

Vol. 14, 2020, No. 4, p. 7-10

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BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT in SLOVAK CONDITIONS

Author: Katarína KRÁĽOVÁ

Abstract: It is indisputable that a quality business environment in the economy is a basic prerequisite for its long-term competitiveness and subsequent economic growth and development. Therefore, we can state that the business environment in its broadest sense reflects the quality of conditions and preconditions for the rational development of business activities. The level of quality of the business environment determines the conditions for long-term sustainable achievement of economic growth and increasing the competitiveness of the economy. A healthy business environment, which motivates people to do business, is one of the key tools of the state to ensure long-term economic growth. The business environment must allow for effective competition between entrepreneurs, which is a key driver of the economy. The aim of the presented paper is to descriptively characterize the business environment, evaluate the quality of the business environment through selected indices and then specify the obstacles and limits that prevent business entities in business activities and their further progress.

Keywords: business environment, small and medium-sized enterprises, economic growth and development, barriers to business, quality of the business environment

Vol. 14, 2020, No. 4, p. 11-17

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RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE AND THEIR IMPORTANCE FOR INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT

Author: Jana SOCHUĽÁKOVÁ

Abstract: In an era of increasing globalization and digitization, innovation is becoming an increasingly important factor in determining the success of business. They provide companies with higher growth, increase efficiency, competitiveness and enable companies to create new markets. Especially in the current dynamically developing period, the need for innovation is even higher. This fact was also demonstrated by the current pandemic, during which companies were forced to react quickly and flexibly to changes in the market. Despite the fact that in Slovakia there is already support for innovative companies and efforts to create an innovation-friendly environment, the innovation performance of the Slovak Republic still lags behind other EU countries. The need to introduce innovations is necessary for Slovak small and medium-sized enterprises from the point of view of adaptation. And innovation would not arise without adequate research and development.
In the article, we will focus on the area of research and development and subsequently on the innovative activity of companies. We will evaluate the development of expenditures on research and development in the Slovak Republic in the period 2010-2019, describe human resources in research and development and assess the innovative activity of companies.

Keywords: research, development, innovation, employees, innovation activity, innovation performance

Vol. 14, 2020, No. 4, p. 18-23

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CONTEXT BETWEEN HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

Author: Veronika ŽÁRSKÁ

Abstract: The knowledge economy raises the need to pay increased attention to the development of human resources and the subsequent impact of this fact on the development of many economic indicators. Although the prevailing view is that the higher quality of human resources is also reflected in the pace of economic growth, it may be extended with opposing ones who reject this claim. The main goal of this paper is to theoretically define the interaction between increasing the level of human capital and economic growth and to explain why looking for connections between these two variables is a difficult process. As economic growth is closely linked to the development of several other socio-economic indicators, we have also pointed to another area that is influenced by the level of human capital development. In order to achieve the goal, we have studied several theoretical publications dealing with the issue. In working with theoretical sources, we used mainly general scientific methods such as analysis, synthesis, deduction or induction.

Keywords: economic growth, human capital, unemployment, education

Vol. 14, 2020, No. 4, p. 24-29

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