Actual number: 4/2020

ISSN 1339-5017 (Online)

Archive:


No. 1-2

PROPOSED MECHANISMS OF ACTION OF SELECTED ANTIOXIDANT DEFENCES INDUCED BY HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY

Author: Zdenka KRAJČOVIČOVÁ, Vladimír MELUŠ 

Abstract: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been proved as an important tool in healing of CO poisoning, necrosis, ischemic wounds, inflammatory diseases or brain injuries. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a key role in healing potential of HBOT however potential side effects must be taken into account. Equally important is also duration of HBOT. We can conclude, that despite several decades of HBOT use in clinical therapy, there are still not known it´s detailed mechanisms of action on the molecular level and considerable part of information comes of animal experiments. Apart from the results of basic research is necessary to obtain a larger volume of complex data from clinical trials of HBOT.

Keywords: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, Reactive oxygen species, Antioxidant defences

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 2-8

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APOE GENE POLYMORPHISMS: FROM LIPIDS METABOLISM, BRAIN INJURIES AND ALZHEIMER DISEASE TO NEW HIGHLIGHTS IN HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY

Author: Vladimír MELUŠ, Zdenka KRAJČOVIČOVÁ

Abstract: In laboratory medicine, routine determination of APOE alleles is carried out for more than three decades.  Primary attention had been focused mainly on the risk allele APOEε4 with respect to the cardiovascular diseases, brain injuries and Alzheimer's disease. Currently, the emphasis is on assessing APOE genotype with respect to the overall metabolic state of patient in terms of personalized medicine. The new challenge becomes the use of this marker in hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in treatment of diseases, where APOE is an important predictive factor.

Keywords: APOE, brain injuries, cardiovascular diseases, Alzheimer disease, hyperbaric oxygen therapy

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 9-13

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THE ROLE OF NURSE IN HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY

Author: Katarína GERLICHOVÁ, Iveta MATIŠÁKOVÁ, Nikoleta POLIAKOVÁ

Abstract: The speciality of hyperbaric nursing has evolved since the 1950s along with the practice of hyperbaric medicine. Nurses, qualified by education, experience, and professional licensure, provide care for patients in the altered environment of the hyperbaric chamber. The art and science of nursing are uniquely combined in this setting as nurses not only deal with the technology of the hyperbaric chamber, the physiological monitoring and life support equipment, but also with the art of psychologically adapting the patient, and providing emotional support and patient and family education. The role of the nurse in oxygen treatment: working at a hyperbaric oxygen clinic offers the nurse a variety of satisfaction and challenges.

Keywords: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Nurse. Hyperbaric nurse. The role. 

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 14-20

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HEALTH TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT IN THYREOIDOLOGY

Author: Ján BIELIK, Iveta MATIŠÁKOVÁ, Katarína GERLICHOVÁ

Abstract: Background: Halth technology assessment is a new scientific method to evaluate the value of many technologies used in health care. The thyreoidology is medical discipline devotes to thyreoid diseases with using many laboratory exams with a growing number and with a growing costs. 

Goals: This study investigates the relationship between choosed laboratory exams and ultrasonographic exam, their costs and requested quality of clinical outcomes.

Methods: The study analyses the number of cited exams made in thyreoidology during the period from 2008 till 2011 which were in evidence in General Insurance Company (stock company).

Results: The ultrasonographic exams were growing continuously, the laboratory exams were growing till 2010. The costs reached in 2011 completely 4 223 686 € for laboratory exams and 1 309 097 € for ultrasonographic exams.

Conclusions: In the case of decreasing the average number of laboratory exams from 3.4 to 3.00 per 1 patient e.g. about 11.76 % we can save approximately 496 705.00 €. In the case of decreasing the average number of ultrasonographic exams from 1.15 to 1.00 per 1 patient, e.g.  about 13.04 % we can save approximately  170 576 €.

Keywords: health technology assessment, thyreodoilogy

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 21-24

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LIFESTYLE OF ADOLESCENTS AND ITS ANALYSIS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PRIMARY HEALTH DETERMINANTS

Author: Tatiana NEVOLNÁ

Abstract: One of the important factors of a healthy lifestyle is a physical activity. The author of this contribution deals with the issue of the necessity of physical activities as a primary means of creating a healthy lifestyle. She points out the possibilities of leisure-time activities which include recreational physical education thus allowing students to form and enrich their current lifestyle. The findings of our research show significant differences in adolescents´ lifestyles in relation to gender in selected variables (physical activity, smoking, and sleep). From the main results of the research we state that there is a significant differences in the respondents´ lifestyles in relation to the level of education of their parents at the level of significance p<0.001.

Keywords: Lifestyle, physical activity, educational level of parents, health, adolescents 

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 25-31

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FLAT FEET AND REHABILITATION

Author: Patrícia BAŇÁROVÁ

Abstract: The contribution deals with problem of flat foot and its consequence on the human body. We describe the risk factors that may lead to the flat foot. The emphasis is on the possibilities of rehabilitation as a Freeman’s method, orthopaedic insoles and other forms of kinesiotherapy.

Keywords: Flat-feet, Foot arch, Rehabilitation, Kinesiotherapy, Freeman’s method

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 32-36

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MENTAL AND PHYSICAL BURDEN OF NURSES IN OPERATING ROOM

Author: Anna LITVÍNOVÁ, Eva KRÁLOVÁ, Nikoleta POLIAKOVÁ, Daniela MURÁROVÁ

Abstract: Objective: The burden represents a strenuous life situation. There occurs the discord between requirements of nurses´ own situation and possibilities needed to manage it on the other side. It arises when individuals confront to strong pressure and unfavourable situational conditions. Mental and physical burden of nurses in operating room is evident. 

Methods: The questionnaire was designed for operating room nurses. The sample consisted of 148 nurses.

Results: The research results indicate that nurses feel more physical than mental stress during their assistance in operating room. 

Conclusion: Stress, physical and mental burden can be decreased by utilising relaxation techniques.

Keywords: physical stress, mental stress, nurse, operating room, questionnaire

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 37-40

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MOBBING EXPERIENCED BY NURSES IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

Author: Eva ZACHAROVÁ

Abstract: The article deals with the issues of mobbing in health care facilities. Nurse is one of the professions excessively exposed to the mobbing behaviour. Compared to other sectors, the risk of occurrence of this negative phenomenon in health care sector is up to seven times higher. The empirical part of the paper includes an analysis and a comparison of the results of the research carried out as a descriptive study with the aim to determine the extent to which mobbing is experienced by nurses, its emotional and physiological effects on the respondents and the steps taken by the individual persons to escape from the mobbing. It focuses also on the possible links between the nurses' personal traits and their vulnerability to mobbing. In order to get the necessary data, a quantitative method - through a questionnaire survey - has been used. The creation of the questionnaire has drawn inspiration from the research carried out by Nursing Administration Department, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul University in 2005, the respondents being nurses working in health care facilities in Turkey [1]. In order to determine the personal characteristics, the M. Hřebíčková and T. Urbánek's NEO Five-Factor Inventory has been applied, based on the NEO Five-Factor Inventory developed by P. T. Costa and R. R. McCrae. The inventory identifies the levels of individual differences. It determinates the level of neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness. In order to obtain the statistical analysis of the data received, parametric tests have been used, i.e. the student's two-tailed t-test with the equal dispersion and Pearson correlation. The data have been processed by the STATISTICA version 10 CZ programme. All the data have also been verified by the non-parametric tests. The research results point out problems that might occur in the health care facilities, drawing the attention of the facilities' management to emerging problems concerning the staff. It is necessary to define clear rules and procedures in order to prevent the negative behaviour practices from developing among the health care staff and to help establishing well-being in the workplace.

Keywords: mobbing, health care facilities, stress, nurse, conflict

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 41-50

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PUPILS´ ATTITUDE TO SWIMMING AND ITS RELEVANCE TO PARTICIPATION IN BASIC SWIMMING COURSES IN SELECTED REGIONS

Author: Tatiana NEVOLNÁ

Abstract: The author of the article deals with the issue of pupils’ relation to swimming as well as their participation in swimming courses at elementary schools. The evaluation of the results of our research showed that pupils of country elementary schools of both regions showed higher percentage representation of positive attitude towards swimming. We also want to point out that in the selected elementary schools there is no statistically significant relation between the attitude towards swimming and taking part in swimming courses. In the conclusion we present suggestions for improving the relationship towards swimming and aquatic environment.

Keywords: swimming, swimming training, elementary school pupils, pupils’ attitude to swimming

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 51-59

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POLISH RESEARCH ON EDWIN E. GORDON’S THEORY OF MUSIC LEARNING – SELECTED AREAS AND DIRECTIONS

Author: Maciej KOŁODZIEJSKI

Abstract: The author presents the hitherto prevailing Polish research on the adaptation and application of Edwin E. Gordon's theory of music learning. The presented elaboration is characterised with a review of experimental research, verifying – correlative research and some important implementation of music learning theory into the educational practice in Poland. The author makes a critical selection of research results in the search of new impulses for school practice in the area of common music education. The presented research explorations relate to pre-school period, early-school period and school period in the frames of common music education.

Keywords: Gordon’s Theory of Music Learning, audiation, musical aptitudes, musical achievements, pedagogical and musical research

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 60-64

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HEALTH AS A VALUE - REVIEW OF SELECTED RESEARCH EXPLORATIONS

Author: Małgorzata PRZYBYSZ-ZAREMBA

Abstract: Health as a value is the subject of the paper’s theoretical discussion and also research explorations. The author tries to define the notion of health and health as a value, what is quite difficult to explain in details, or it’s even impossible. Considerations concerning health as value are undertaken in eight planes. The final part of the paper presents review of selected research explorations concerning health as a value. The quoted researches indicate that health as the superior, priority value and therefore the most important one makes room for the hedonistic values, which contemporary young people value the most. In the final conclusions the author underlines that the shaping of the values of the young man including foremost health as a value results from the accepted world of values, shape and life of a family, as well as neglects of the school education.

Keywords: health, value, health as a value

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 65-71

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THE HISTORY OF VOCAL MUSIC IN SLOVAKIA

Author: Mária STRENÁČIKOVÁ Sr., Mária STRENÁČIKOVÁ Jr.

Abstract: This study is focused on the history of vocal music in Slovakia starting in the prehistoric era all the way to the 21st century. It describes the characteristic features of particular historical periods from the vocal music aspect. It covers different kind, forms and genres of sacral and secular music.

Keywords: song, religious song, folk song, art song, Slovakia, hymnal, song collection, music

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 72-81

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THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS THROUGH MUSIC-KINETIC EXPRESSION FOR PUPILS WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

Author: Klaudia KOŠALOVÁ

Abstract: This paper is focused on pupils with the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. The author characterizes their behaviour, for which constant movements and disorders in dynamics of psychological processes are typical. To ease these expressions, the author presents an intervention based on the musical therapy and dance movements. Expressive movements in the rhythm and dance therapy are promoted and presented as effective methods and means to regulate manifestations of hyperactivity in order to achieve good health and good lifestyle of pupils in an educational environment.

Keywords: hyperactivity, school education, music-kinetic activities, intervention, music-kinetic expression, dance therapy

Vol. 8, 2014, No. 1-2, p. 82-86

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