Actual number: 4/2020

ISSN 1339-5017 (Online)

Archive:


No. 4

THE IMPACT OF INTELLIGENT MANUFACTURING ON THE WAGES POLICY OF THE LABOR MARKET OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Author: Simona HYŽOVÁ, Kamila MAYEROVÁ

Abstract: We live in a time when there are constant changes to the daily order. People live for social networks, the internet, use various modern technologies. Innovations are part of our lives, and so, in recent years, concepts are used as artificial intelligence and intelligent production that affects and replaces human strength. For Slovakia, it is a new concept yet, but in the future it will affect our lives, a lot of people will lose jobs, and those who work with the factors will work at high wages. In intelligent manufacturing, new technologies and techniques are needed to improve production whether in the automotive or wood industry. We try to draw attention to the fact that the workforce operating under artificial intelligence conditions earns more than ordinary workers who work manually and get more at lower wages.

Keywords: Wages, intelligent manufacturing, artificial intelligence, labor market, innovation.

Vol. 12, 2018, No. 4, p. 1-6

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HISTORICAL MILESTONES OF THE FIRST CZECHOSLOVAK REPUBLIC

Author: Martina JAKUBČINOVÁ, Karol KRAJČO

Abstract: The past of an individual, nation, or state can not be changed, influenced or reversed. It is a solid part of our being, so it is extremely important not to forget. This can be achieved by creating a space for remembering these historical acts and by trying to understand and learn from it. This is many times the privilege to Slovak citizens. In the mid-2018s, several significant historical milestones are revealed. Among the most significant are the 100th anniversary of the Czechoslovak Republic and the adoption of the Martin Declaration, the 50th anniversary of the occupation of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Treaty troops, or the 25th anniversary of the independent, sovereign, democratic and legal state - the Slovak Republic. It is necessary to draw the attention towards these facts. However, due to the limitations, the aim of the article presented by the above mentioned authors becomes the understanding of the dimension of the Czechoslovak state, which is historically determined as a social phenomenon, closely tied to the past. This goal can be achieved by looking at selected historical milestones and pointing to their link. For this reason, the authors allow not only to present a brief overview of the most important events affecting the history of the First Republic but also a brief overview of their impact on the character of the state apparatus to the reader of this article. The authors used a number of scientific-research methods, drawing on a study of professional scientific work that enriched their own observations and findings.

Keywords: Czechoslovak Republic, nation, independence, Slovak Republic, state.

Vol. 12, 2018, No. 4, p. 7-11

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COMPETITIVENESS OF REGIONS AND SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESSES

Author: Katarína KRÁĽOVÁ

Abstract: The interdependence of spatial structure and economic development is increasing nowadays when there is competition between regions of Europe based on uneven economic development and growth. In this area, SMEs become a new way of addressing the economic growth of the regions, unemployment and financial stability, moving towards a new organization of the economic space. Small and medium-sized enterprises are seen as one of ways to increase innovation performance, increased competitiveness of enterprises and regional development. Small and medium-sized enterprises are flexible market players that aim to achieve the highest possible economic gain at the lowest cost. Small and medium-sized enterprises are respected in market economies for their ability to promote innovation and to transform knowledge and knowledge into new products and services. For this reason, the objective of this contribution is to evaluate the competitiveness of the regions and the position of small and medium-sized enterprises and importance in the regional development of the SR.

Keywords: small and medium-sized enterprises, innovation, Regional Competitiveness Index, regions

Vol. 12, 2018, No. 4, p. 12-16

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PERFORMANCE DEVELEOPMENT TRENDS OF VISEGRAD FOUR REGIONS

Author: Jana MASÁROVÁ, Eva KOIŠOVÁ

Abstract: For national economy to thrive, sustainable regional development is vital. Many theories in scientific publications are focused on assessing the growth of particular regions and their mutual comparisons. Many authors are dealing with the issues such as economic growth and development of regions. Regional development is conditioned by the level of appreciation of available resources and the usage of regional and economic policy tools. In the course of time, regions experienced economic developments leading to their current stage of social and economic development. The aim of this article is to determine performance trend of the Visegrad Four regions at NUTS 2 level. We have compared years 2000 and 2016. We have monitored indicators such as employment rate, unemployment rate, long-term unemployment rate, income, tertiary education rate and fertility rate. In order to evaluate regions performance level, we have used multi-criteria evaluation method.

Keywords: region, performance, indicators, Visegrad Four, regional policy

Vol. 12, 2018, No. 4, p. 17-22

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BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Author: Jana SOCHUĽÁKOVÁ

Abstract: The impact of the external environment on the business is very strong. The business environment covers the economic, political, institutional, legal, technological, ethical, cultural conditions in which the business process takes place. The business environment may affect business activities positively or negatively. A high-quality business environment is a prerequisite for business development and increasing competition for the country's international economy. At the same time, it creates the conditions for maintaining long-term economic growth. The quality of the business environment in Slovakia is influenced by two levels. The first is the legislative framework, the second is the specific social and economic conditions in specific regions, such as the development of transport infrastructure, the composition of local industry, or availability of labor. A good business environment is an environment that creates the same favorable conditions for all involved, regardless of where they come from, such as their legal form, size. Despite the overall improvement of the business environment in recent years, Slovakia is starting to lag within the region. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the quality of the business environment in the SR through relevant indexes.

Keywords: business environment, index of the business environment, Global Competitiveness Index, Doing Business

Vol. 12, 2018, No. 4, p. 23-28

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