No. 3


Author: Guľašová Ivana, Meluš Vladimír, Kašlíková Katarína, Krajčovičová Zdenka, Grabczak Pavel

Abstract: In our study, we processed the selected laborato-ry parameters of patients with rheumatoid arthri-tis and other rheumatic diseases. The objective of the study was to compare the differences of anti-CCP examinations between the observed groups of patients. The most specific and in practice the most used laboratory parameters to support the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis are anti-CCP. The importance of this parameter was confirmed by the results of our work (p = 0.01). An unex-pected information bonus of our study was the use of statistical tests for small groups (n = 10 and n = 11 respectively), the low number of which was the result of a pandemic situation in connec-tion with the Covid-19 disease and restrictive an-ti-epidemiological measures. It is the example of the often-required statistical analysis which must always be supplemented by a suitable interpreta-tion of the results, even from the rational level of the benefit of the parameter for the physician’s decision algorithm.

Keywords: laboratory medicine, biomarkers, small-count samples, validity

Vol. 15, 2021, No. 3, p. 1-5

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Author: Petra Oravcová – Eva Králová

Abstract: Background: Cerebral palsy is a complex of vari-ous symptoms and diseases that cause disorders in the brain. It is a lifetime disease that affects not only patients but also their family members and the wider environment.
Objective: The main objective of our study is to focus on canistherapy, to determine the effect of intervention on the patient from the positional side of canistherapy, to master facilitation and inhibi-tion techniques and to relieve the signs of the de-velopment of brain paresis.
Method, sample, and results: Our contribution consists of a theoretical background and a case study from the practice. There we introduce objec-tives, procedure, and techniques in our therapy with the selected methodology. Due to the age of the patient (5 years), we gave priority to rehabili-tation exercises in the form of a game to motivate him and invite him to co-operate. The results are summarised in the form of a discussion, recom-mendations for practice and a general summary of the process.
Conclusion: We found that the selected method positively affected the patient's health condition, both physically and mentally. An individual ap-proach and adaptation of the exercise to the pa-tient was also proved important.

Keywords: Canistherapy, Cerebral Palsy, Disability. Intervention, Rehabilitation, Support therapy

Vol. 15, 2021, No. 3, p. 6-11

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Author: Tetiana Dereka – Vitalii Sheiko

Abstract: Objective. The article examines requirements for the professional training of nurses. The analysis of features and modern aspects of professional and applied physical training (hereinafter – the PAPT) of nurses is carried out. A model of the PAPT pro-cess of nurses has been developed, its components (goals, objectives, principles, approaches, forms, methods, training tools) have been identified. Methods. The research was conducted on the basis of theoretical analysis and generalization of data from special scientific and methodological litera-ture. Results. A model of the PAPT process of nurses has been developed, its components have been determined: target, theoretical and methodo-logical, content-procedural and criterion-effective. The applied physical qualities of nurses that they need in their professional activities are deter-mined: general and special endurance, strength, speed, agility. To develop the applied physical qualities of nurses, it was proposed to use during practical training sessions in the process of profes-sional and applied physical training in an educa-tional institution such sports as: athletics, skiing, swimming, cycling, sports games, gymnastics, Nordic walking, simulation exercise, fitness, Pila-tes, stretching. Tests to determine the level of de-velopment of applied physical qualities of nurses are proposed. Conclusions. Modern requirements for the quality of training of future medical work-ers, in particular nurses, presuppose their corre-sponding professional and applied physical train-ing. Professional and applied physical training of nurses should be aimed at developing and main-taining at the optimal level their professionally important physical and mental qualities. It is nec-essary at the state level to pay attention to the cre-ation of appropriate conditions for people to en-gage physical exercises throughout their lives: training of highly qualified personnel in physical education and sports, sufficient funding, involve-ment, promotion of a healthy lifestyle, a ban on advertising of alcohol and tobacco products.

Keywords: Nurses, Model, Professional training, Physical qualities, Physical education

Vol. 15, 2021, No. 3, p. 12-20

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Author: Eva Králová

Abstract: The contribution focuses on the method of experi-ment as an inspiration for the professional and personal growth of ICF approved coaches. It clari-fies the key terms for coaches who want to adopt change in their coaching dialogues. If coaches im-plement something new in their coaching practice or life, experiment helps them to learn, discover, explore, and verify whether this change works and how it works. Experiment helps determine the ef-fectiveness of an intervention. It should be planned, repeatable and verifiable with the out-come that has measurable results. We focus on the 4th ICF Core Competency: B. Co-Creating the Relationship: 4. Cultivates Trust and Safety. The coach is present in the coaching dia-logue as a professional and a person. Coaches can use experiment as a source of inspi-ration when they want to: 1. Introduce something purposefully into their pro-fession or life and to find out how it works. 2. Change something purposefully and systemati-cally. 3. Exclude something from their personal life or coaching practice. This process is the series of steps and observa-tions, the purpose of which is to capture specific changes over time and decide, based on the out-come, whether to take or not to take a few steps into coaching practice or personal life. Experiment is successful when it has been truly implemented and has brought insight into the problem or has brought a new vision. Finally, we introduce profes-sional and personal benefits that a clearly speci-fied hypothesis can bring to coaches.

Keywords: Competency, Experiment., Hypothesis, New vision, Professionality, Trust and Safety

Vol. 15, 2021, No. 3, p. 21-25

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Author: Tomas Butvilas – Eva Králová – Maciej Kołodziejski

Abstract: Background: Contribution discusses possible posi-tive and negative effects to those who are adopted or taken under the foster care. On the other hand, openness within adoption in most cases is present-ed in a positive way, by becoming increasingly common, especially due to a growing recognition of the benefits of allowing an adopted child to es-tablish or maintain connections with the birth fam-ily. Although many studies have shown a relation between adoption and later difficulties, there is no clear evidence that adoption could cause behav-ioral problems in child’s later development peri-ods. Many authors would argue that this process has also negative influence, especially dealing with adoptees’ self-identity formation, social attach-ment, and communication with others. Attention is devoted to these children’ abilities to develop their own relationships with other friends and mainly with step-parents. Teenage period is stressed when identification challenges take over other develop-mental necessities and social attachment is devel-oped. That is why the phenomenon of open adop-tion in the childhood is mainly presented in the context of its influence to a child’s further psycho-social development and growth.
Objective: The main objective of the contribution is to analyze theoretically adoptees psychosocial variables that influence their further development in the context of open adoption’s process.
Method: Main method of this explorative work is a meta-analysis and more theoretical observation of previous research in the selected area.
Conclusion: Openness relates to the degree to which information passes between birth and adop-tive families and to the level of contact and rela-tionship between these families.

Keywords: Adoption, Child, Open adoption, Psychosocial development difficulties, Self-identity

Vol. 15, 2021, No. 3, p. 26-31

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